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Music - Background & Getting Started: Music Citations

Introduction

This guide will assist with formatting music citations using the Chicago style. For more info, consult Chicago Manual online at:  https://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/home.html

Journal Article or Grove Article

Journal Article

Footnote/Endnote Entry:

5David Wyn Jones, "The Symphony in Beethoven's Vienna," Notes 64, no. 2 (December 2007): 275.

Bibliography Entry:

Jones, David Wyn. “The Symphony in Beethoven’s Vienna.Notes  64, no. 2 (December 2007): 273-275.

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Article from Grove Music Online Electronic Database

Footnote/Endnote First Reference Entry:

3Malcolm Gillies, “Bartók, Béla, §1: 1881–1903, "Grove Music Online, accessed May 20, 2009, Oxford Music Online.

Bibliography Entry:

Gillies, Malcolm. “Bartók, Béla, §1: 1881–1903." In Grove Music Online. Accessed May 20, 2009. Oxford Music Online.

Books

Book with One Author

Footnote/Endnote First Reference Entry:

12Oliver Sachs, Musicophilia: Tales of Music and the Brain (New York: Knopf, 2007), 53.

Bibliography Entry:

Sachs, Oliver. Musicophilia: Tales of Music and the Brain. New York: Knopf, 2007.

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Book with Two or Three Authors

Footnote/Endnote First Reference Entry:

15Leonie E. Naylor, Mary Haynes, and Michael Lee Naylor, Our Musical World: Creative Insights into a Planet’s Cultural Diversity (Ann Arbor, MI: Visions & Vibrations International, 2008), 59.

Bibliography Entry:

Naylor, Leonie E., Mary Haynes, and Michael Lee Naylor. Our Musical World: Creative Insights into a Planet’s Cultural Diversity. Ann Arbor, MI: Visions & Vibrations International, 2008.

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Book with Editor or Translator in Addition to Author

Footnote/Endnote Entry:

         21Berthold Litzmann, Clara Schumann: An Artist’s Life, trans. Grace E. Hadow (New York: Vienna House, 1972), 202.

Bibliography Entry:

Litzmann, Berthold. Clara Schumann: An Artist’s Life. Translated by Grace E. Hadow. New York: Vienna House, 1972.

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Thesis or dissertation

Footnote/Endnote Entry:

  1. Jeffery L. Ames, "A Pioneering Twentieth-Century African-American Musician: The Choral Works of George T. Walker." (PhD diss., Florida State University, 2005).

Bibliography Entry:

Ames, Jeffery L. "A Pioneering Twentieth-Century African-American Musician: The Choral Works of George T. Walker." PhD diss., Florida State University, 2005.

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Chapter or Part of an Edited Collection with Various Authored Chapters

Footnote/Endnote Entry:

32Herta Blaukopf, “Mahler as Conductor in the Opera House and in the Concert Hall,” in The Cambridge Companion to Mahler, ed. Jeremy Barham (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), 298.

Bibliography Entry:

Blaukopf, Herta. “Mahler as Conductor in the Opera House and in the Concert Hall.” In The Cambridge Companion to Mahler, edited by Jeremy Barham, 278-302. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

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Chapter from a Single-Authored Book

Footnote/Endnote Entry:

32Peter C. Bouteneff "Music Found in Silence." In Arvo Pärt Out of Silence, (Yonkers, New York: St Vladimir's Seminary Press, 2015), 95-102. 

Bibliography Entry:

Bouteneff, Peter C. "Music Found in Silence." In Arvo Pärt Out of Silence. Yonkers, New York: St Vladimir's Seminary Press, 2015.

 

Sound Recording & Liner Notes

Sound Recording - Complete Work/Recording

Footnote/Endnote Entry:

5Gustav Mahler, Symphony no. 9, Berlin Philharmonic, conducted by Sir Simon Rattle, EMI 50999 501228 20, 2008, compact disc.

 

Bibliography Entry:

Mahler, Gustav. Symphony no. 9. Berlin Philharmonic. Conducted by Sir Simon Rattle. EMI 50999 501228 20. 2008, compact disc.

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Sound Recording from a Streaming Service (Naxos Music Library)

Footnote/Endnote Entry:

9 Johannes Brahms, Symphony no.1 in C minor, op. 68, London Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Neeme Jarvi, Complete Symphonies, Chandos CHAN9776-79, 1999, compact disc, accessed May 15, 2009. Naxos Music Library.

 

Bibliography Entry:

Brahms, Johannes. Symphony no. 1 in C minor, op. 68. London Symphony Orchestra. Conducted by Neeme Jarvi. Complete Symphonies. Chandos CHAN9776-79. 1999. Accessed May 15, 2009. Naxos Music Library.

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Liner Notes from a Sound Recording

Footnote/Endnote Entry:

10Stephan Perreau, Liner Notes, Clara Schumann (1819-1896): Piano Music, Yoshiko Iwai (piano), Naxos 8.553501, 1999, compact disc.

 

Bibliography Entry:

Perreau, Stephan. Liner Notes. Clara Schumann (1819-1896): Piano Music. Yoshiko Iwai (piano). Naxos 8.553501, 1999, compact disc.

Website, Blog Entry or Comment

 

Website

Footnote/Endnote Entry:

3“Elgar: His Works – The Apostles, op. 49,” The Elgar Society, Accessed November 4, 2013, http://www.elgar.org/3apostle.htm.

 

Bibliography Entry:

The Elgar Society. “Elgar: His Works – The Apostles, op. 49.” Accessed November 4, 2013. http://www.elgar.org/3apostle.htm.

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Blog Entry or Comment

Footnote/Endnote Entry:

 1Alex Ross, "Music As a Weapon," The Rest Is Noise (blog), June 27, 2016, accessed July 1, 2016, http://www.therestisnoise.com/2016/06/music-as-a-weapon.html.

Bibliography Entry:

Ross, Alex. "Music As a Weapon." The Rest Is Noise (blog). June 27, 2016. Accessed July 1, 2016. http://www.therestisnoise.com/2016/06/music-as-a-weapon.html.

Scores

Score – Complete Work

Footnote/Endnote Entry:

5Darius Milhaud, La Création du Monde (Paris: M. Eschig, 1929).

Bibliography Entry:

Milhaud, Darius. La Création du Monde. Paris: M. Eschig, 1929.

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Score – Portion of a Work

Footnote/Endnote Entry:

7Gabriel Fauré and Paul Verlaine, “L’hiver est cessé,” in La Bonne Chanson: Nine Songs on Poems by Verlaine (New York: International Music Company, 1954).

Bibliography Entry:

Fauré, Gabriel and Paul Verlaine. “L’hiver est cessé.” In La Bonne Chanson: Nine Songs on Poems by Paul Verlaine. New York: International Music Company, 1954.

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Monuments of Music Scores

Footnote/Endnote Entry:

1Carlo Pallavicino, La Gerusalemme liberata, ed. Hermann Abert, Denkmäler deutscher Tonkunst 55 (Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1916).

Bibliography Entry:

Eccles, John. Semele: An Opera. Edited by Richard Platt. Music Britannica: A National Collection of Music 76. London: Stainer and Bell, 2000.

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Monument with no editor for the volume

Footnote/Endnote Entry:

1Guillaume de MachautThe Works of Guillaume de Machaut, Polyphonic Music of the Fourteenth Century, ed. Leo Schradevols. 2-3* (Monaco: Editions de l'Oiseau-Lyre, 1956).

*Since the works of Machaut span the 2nd and 3rd volumes of the series, we acknowledge both volumes by inserting "2-3."

Bibliography Entry:

Machaut, Guillaume de. The Works of Guillaume de Machaut. Polyphonic Music of the Fourteenth Century, edited by Leo Schrade, vols. 2-3*. Monaco: Editions de l'Oiseau-Lyre, 1956.

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Collected Editions of Composers

Footnote/Endnote Entry:

1Johann Hermann ScheinCantional oder Gesangbuch Augsburgischer Konfession 1627/1645 Teil 1, ed. Adam Adrio, vol. 2 of Johann Hermann Schein neue Ausgabe samtlicher Werke, ed. Adam Adrio (KasselBarenreiter, 1965).

Bibliography Entry:

Verdi, Giuseppe. Il TrovatoreLibretto by Salvadore Cammarano. Edited by David Lawton. Series 1, vol. 18a., Works of Giuseppe Verdi, edited by Philip Gossett. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.