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Chinese Art: General: Context & Tools

Background & historical context

Transliteration issues

There are three systems for transliterating Chinese characters to the Roman alphabet and one of them, Pinyin, does not use standardized spelling. For example, Zhang Daqian (pinyin), could also be written as Chang Ta-ch’ien (Wade-Giles), or Chang Taichien (artist’s own spelling of his name).

The following charts help convert between Pinyin and Wade-Giles:

Fact checking: Dates, Names Places


Make a research appointment with the Art Librarian.
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Review our other Research Guides.
Researching an object in the Allen Museum? See our AMAM research guide.

Barb Prior, Librarian

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Barbara Prior
Clarence Ward Art Library
Allen Art Building
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